Perspective is the most important thing in life, it defines your whole attitude towards a particular subject or your way of looking, thinking and approaching. In short your perspective is the way you see something,If you observe the world from a dogs perspective,you see through the dogs eyes and when we say someone has perspective we mean they have a sensible outlook on life.
In drawing however perspective gives your drawing the appearance in depth or distance, perspective drawing gives a three dimensional feeling to a picture, it is a way to control the distance or depth between the objects in a scene.In order to create realistic and believable scenes it is very important to understand perspective infact it is one of the fundamental keys in art, like Leonardo da Vinci said “Perspective is to painting what bridle is to horse,the rudder to a ship………..There are three aspects to perspective.The first has to do with how the size of objects seem to diminish according to distance: the second, the manner in which colors change the farther away they are from the eye; the third defines how objects ought to be finished less carefully the farther away they are.”
So what does perspective look like? Imagine driving along an open road or traveling in a train, the railway track, the fences and power poles all diminish towards a single spot far ahead of you, This geometric method of representing the apparent diminishing of scale as the distance from the object to the viewer increases is called LINEAR PERSPECTIVE.
ONE POINT PERSPECTIVE
In one point perspective, the horizontals and verticals which run across the field of view remain parallel, as their vanishing point are at infinity,Horizontals which are perpendicular to the viewer vanish towards a point near the center on the image.
TWO POINT PERSPECTIVE
In two point perspective the viewer is positioned so that objects are viewed from one corner, both the front and back edges and side edges of an object must be diminished towards the vanishing point.Two point perspective is often used when drawing buildings in the landscape.
THREE POINT PERSPECTIVE
In three point perspective the viewer is looking up or down so that the verticals also converge on a vanishing point at top or bottom of the image
Atmospheric or Aeriel perspective attempts to use control of focus, shading, contrast and detail to duplicate the visual effect where nearby objects are clear and sharp, distant objects may be less clear and blur.
So friends these are the main features of perspectives and I hope this article proves to be helpful in your next drawing or painting.